The idea behind any academic essay is analyzing the assigned topic. It does not matter if the topic is based on current events, ancient literature, math formulas, or scientific discoveries, the essay should analyze the idea and possibly discover something new. Analyzing a topic might sound like a difficult thing to do, but it really is not. All you need to do is learn the tricks of the trade.
Analyzing the topic of your academic essay involves thinking about the topic and applying what you know. If you are writing about literature, you will analyze it by looking at the structure and style of the literature. You will look for things like metaphors, figurative language, as well as the way the author developed the characters, setting, and plot. If you are writing about current events, you will write about how those events affect the rest of the world.
Essays that are based on math analyze the formulas to look at how those formulas affect the world around us. They bring math out into the real world. Science analysis essays do the same thing, but they are based on how the discovery plays out in the real world. They look at the implications of the discovery and what it took to make the discovery.
In an analytical essay, it is very important to look at the facts, because those facts are what support the analysis. Unless you are an expert in the field you are analyzing, it is important that you have the facts that will back-up your opinions. Without the facts, your essay will not be taken seriously. You will need to include the sources of those facts in order to prove your point.
When you analyze anything, you simply take it apart and look at how the pieces fit together. As you put the pieces back together, you then look at how the those pieces affect the whole. Many people also make connections to other topics that may or may not be directly related to the topic your are analyzing.
After you learn the necessary steps for each type of analysis, you will see that an analysis is easier to write than you think. The more you practice, the better you will get.